John Dowland

The Second Booke of Songs or Ayres of 2, 4, and 5 Parts (1600)

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I. Overview

This is the first and only edition of Dowland's second book of songs, continuing in table book format as in his first book (see Dowland 1613).

Title: THE SECOND BOOKE of Songs or Ayres, of 2. 4. and 5. parts: With Tableture for the Lute or Orpherian, with the Violl de Gamba. (London: Thomas Este, 1600).

Description:
50 pp. in movable type
23 pieces, all but one for voice(s) and lute

II. Prefatory Material (5 pp.)

f. A1) "THE SECOND BOOKE of Songs or Ayres, of 2. 4. and 5. parts: With Tableture for the Lute or Orpherian, with the Violl de Gamba. Composed by JOHN DOWLAND Batcheler of Musick, and Lutenist to the King of Denmark: Also an excelent lesson for the Lute and Base Viol, called Dowlands adew. Published by George Eastland, and are to be sould at his house neere the greene Dragon and Sword, in Fleetstreete. . . . London: Printed by Thomas Este, the assigne of Thomas Morley, 1600." [title page]

f. A1v) [blank]

f. A2) "TO THE RIGHT Honorable the Lady Lucie comptesse of BEDFORD. . . ." [dedication by Dowland]

f. A2v) "To the right Noble and Vertuous Ladie, Lucie Comptesse of BEDFORD. . . ." [poem by G. Eastland "To J. Dowlands Lute"] ". . . To the curteous Reader . . ." [note from George Eastland concerning the preparation of the book]

f. B1) "A TABLE OF ALL the Songes contained in this BOOKE . . ." [table of contents]

III. Notation:

Tablature: French lute tablature and standard notation in tablebook format

Instrument(s): Three songs use the 6-course lute (G-c-f-a-d'-g') and the other 19 for 7-course lute, plus a final instrumental piece for 7-course lute (D-G-c-f-a-d'-g')

IV. Indices

The book contains 22 songs for lute and from 1 to 5 voices, arranged around the open page in tablabook format so that several performers can read from the various parts. The part directly above the lute tablature is marked "Cantus"; and is the melody. The first 8 songs are for lute and 2 voices, songs IX-XX are for 4 voices, and the final 2 songs for 5 voices, although all of the other parts (Altus, Tenor, Bassus, Quintus) appear to be optional.

Eight of the songs have lyrics which would seem to imply a male performer--being addressed to or mentioning a "mistress" or "lady"--but performance by a woman is still possible.

Contents (for lute and 1-5 voices; last piece for lute and bass viol):

Folio Title
Final
Meter
Vocal Range Note 1
Notes
B1v I. I saw my Lady weepe
A minor
C
E4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
B2v II. Flow my teares fall from your springs
A minor
C
D4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
C1v III. Sorow sorow stay, lend true repentant teares
G minor
C
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
C2v IV. Dye not before they day
G minor
C
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
D1v V. Mourne, mourne, day is with darknesse fled
D minor
C
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
D2v VI. Tymes eldest sonne, old age the heire of ease: First part
G major
C
D4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
E1v VII. Then sit thee downe, & say thy Nunc demittis: Second part
G major
C
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
E2v VIII. When others sings Venite exultemus: Third part
G major
C
D4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-2 voices
F1v IX. Praise blindnesse eies, for seeing is deceit
D minor
[6]/[2]
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices
F2v X. O sweet woods, the delight of solitarienesse
D minor
C
F4-G5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
G1v XI. If fluds of teares could clense my follies past
A minor
[6]/[2]
E4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices
G2v XII. Fine knacks for Ladies, cheap, choise, brave and new
F major
C
E4-F5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices
H1v XIII. Now cease my wandring eyes
F major
C
F4-F5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
H2v XIV. Come yee heavy states of night
G minor
C
F#4-F5
6c lute and 1-4 voices
I1v XV. White as Lillies was hir face
G minor
C
G4-F5
6c lute and 1-4 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
I2v XVI. Wofull heart with griefe opressed
G minor
C
D4-F5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
K1v XVII. A Sheperd in a shade his plaining made
G major
C
D4-D5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices
K2v XVIII. Faction that ever dwells in court
G major
C
D4-D5
6c lute and 1-4 voices
L1v XIX. Shall I sue, shall I seeke for grace
G minor
3/[2]
G4-G5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
L2v XX. Finding in fields my Silvia all alone: Tosse not my soule, O love twixt hope and feare
G minor
C
F#4-F5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-4 voices
M1v XXI. Cleare or Cloudie sweet as Aprill showring
G major
C
D4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-5 voices; lyrics imply a male performer
M2v XXII. Humor say what makst thou heere
G major
3/[2]
G4-E5
7c lute [7 = D] and 1-5 voices
N1v Dowlands adew for Master Oliver Cromwell [pavan]
G minor
C
--
7c lute [7 = D] and bass viol

Notes:
1. The Cantus part only. Notes listed with the American Standard Pitch system (middle A is C4) for the Cantus part only. Note that concert pitch would have been at least a half step lower, possibly more, in this period. Pitches here are given as they are written in the original.Return to text

Index of Genres:

The following chart summarizes the contents of the book by genre. Major genres are given by the form used in the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2d ed., with the forms actually used in the book in parentheses.

Genres:
total
major
minor
meter
Songs (all in English)
22
9
13
18 in C; 4 in 3/2
Pavans
1
1
0
C
Totals:
23
10
13
19 in C; 4 in 3/2

 

Index of Keys Used:

Keys used in the book; note that the pitch is relative and that since the lutenist was using tablature, there was no need to think in terms of traditional key signatures.

A major 0 A minor 3
B flat major 0 B flat minor 0
B major 0 B minor 0
C major 0 C minor 0
C sharp major 0 C sharp minor 0
D major 0 D minor 3
E flat major 0 E flat minor 0
E major 0 E minor 0
F major 2 F minor 0
F sharp major 0 F sharp minor 0
G major 8 G minor 7
A flat major 0 A flat minor 0

V. Bibliography

Fischlin, Daniel T. "'The Highest Key of Passion': Inexpressibility and Metaphors of Self in John Dowland's The First Booke of Songes or Ayres." Journal of the Lute Society of America XX-XXI (1987-1988): 46-86.

Gale, Michael, and Tim Crawford. "John Dowland's 'Lachrimae' at Home and Abroad." Lute Society Journal (UK) XLIV (2004): 1-34.

Greer, David. "The Lute Songs of Thomas Morley." Lute Society Journal (UK) VIII (1966): 25-37.

Harwood, Ian. "Record Reviews: John Dowland: Second Booke of Songs 1600, The Consort of Musicke." Lute Society Journal (UK) XX (1978): 87-89.

Pinto, David. "Dowland's True Tears." Lute Society Journal (UK) XLII (2002): 1-26.

Poulton, Diana. John Dowland: His Life and Works. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972).

Répertoire international des sources musicales: Einzeldrucke vor 1800. RISM.A/I [D 3483 and [DD 3483

Ruff, Lillian M., and D. Arnold Wilson. "Allusion to the Essex Downfall in Lute Song Lyrics." Lute Society Journal (UK) XII (1970): 31-36.

Spencer, Robert. "Singing Lute Songs, A Final Word." Lute Society Journal (UK) XXV, Part 2 (1985): 81.

Taylor, Andrew. "The Sounds of Chivalry: Lute Song and Harp Song for Sir Henry Lee." Journal of the Lute Society of America XXV (1992): 1-23.

Ward, John M. "A Dowland Miscellany." Journal of the Lute Society of America X (1977): 5-153.

Facsimiles:

Dowland, John. The second booke of songs or ayres, of 2. 4. and 5. parts. (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI, 1999). [Microfilm and digital versions in Early English books, 1475-1640].

Dowland, John. THE SECOND BOOKE of Songs or Ayres of 2. 4. and 5. parts [Performers' Facsimiles 128] (New York: Performers' Facsimiles, 199?).

VI. Exemplars:

GB-Lbl = Great Britain: London, The British Library

GB-Lcm = Great Britain: London, Royal College of Music

GB-LI = Great Britain: Lincoln, Cathedral Library

GB-Mp = Great Britain: Manchester, Central Public Library

GB-T (in GB-Ob) = Great Britain: Tenbury Wells (Worcestershire), St. Michael's College Library; now in Oxford, Bodleian Library

US-Bp = United States of America: Boston (Mass.), Boston Public Library, Music Department

US-SM = United States of America: San Marino (Cal.), Henry E. Huntington Library & Art Gallery This is the exemplar used for the microfilm.

US-Ws = United States of America: Washington (D.C.), Folger Shakespeare Library This is the exemplar used for the facsimile.