Thomas Campion and Philip Rosseter

A Booke of Ayres . . . (1601)

I. Overview

This book is in two parts, the first containing songs by Thomas Campion ["T.C."] and the second by Philip Rosseter. Campion's authorship of the first 21 songs in the collections is made clear in Rosseter's dedication on f. 2.

This is the first of five books of songs by Campion, with concise but finely crafted music written with a part in bass clef for viol. Rosseter's songs follow the same format and are once again concise and direct. This is his only book of songs.

Title: A BOOKE OF AYRES, Set foorth to be song [sic] to the Lute, Orpherian, and Base Violl, by Philip Rosseter Lutenist . . . (London: Peter Short, 1601).

Description:
48 pp. in movable type
42 pieces, all for voice, lute, and viol

II. Text (5 pp.)

f. 1) "A BOOKE OF AYRES, Set foorth to be song [sic] to the Lute, Orpherian, and Base Violl, by Philip Rosseter Lutenist: And are to be solde at his house in Fleetstreete neere to the Grayhound. . . . AT LONOND [sic; LONDON] Printed by Peter Short, by the assent of Thomas Morley, 1601"[title page]

f. 1v) [coat of arms]

f. 2) "TO THE RIGHT VERTUOUS AND WORTHY KNIGHT, SIR THOMAS MOUNSON. . . . Your Worships humbly devoted Philip Rosseter." [dedication]

f. 2v) "To the Reader. . . ." [explains why airs should be short and natural, as classical epigrams in poetry; avoids madrigalisms and complex musical artifice]

f. 3r) "A Table of halfe the Songs contained in this Booke, by T.C." [table of contents for songs I-XXI]

III. Notation:

Tablature: French lute tablature and standard notation in tablebook format

Instrument(s): Nine songs use the 6-course lute (G-c-f-a-d'-g') and the other 12 and the galliard use the 7-course lute (D-G-c-f-a-d'-g') [see Contents]

IV. Indices

Some of the songs have lyrics which would seem to imply a male or female performer but performance by any gender is still possible. Key/Mode is given only as a general reference; often the pieces are not in a key in the modern sense.

Contents (for lute, viol, and voice):

Folio Title
Final
Meter
Vocal Range Note 1
Notes
B1v I. My sweetest Lesbia
G major
3/[4]
D4-E5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics may imply a male performer
B2 II. Though you are yoong
D major
3/[2]
D4-E5
6c lute
B2v III. I care not for these Ladies
G major
3/[4]
D4-F5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics imply a male performer
C1 IV. Follow thy faire sunne
G minor
¢
D4-D5
6c lute
C1v V. My loue hath vowed
G minor
¢
D4-D5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics imply a female performer
C2 VI. When to her lute
G minor
¢
D4-F5
7c lute (7=D)
C2v VII. Turne backe you wanton flier
G minor
¢
F#4-F5
7c lute (7=D)
D1 VIII. It fell on a sommers daie
G major
¢
F#4-E5
6c lute
D1v IX. The Sypres curten
F minor
¢ [3/2]
G4-F5
6c lute
D2 X. Follow your Saint
G minor
3/[4]
F4-F5
6c lute
D2v XI. Faire if you expect admiring
G major
¢
D4-E5
6c lute; lyrics imply a male performer
E1 XII. Thou art not faire
C minor
3/[2]
G4-F5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics imply male a performer
E1v XIII. See where she flies
G major
¢
E4-E5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
E2 XIV. Blame not my cheekes
D minor
3/[2]
D4-D5
7c lute (7=D)
E2v XV. When the God of merrie loue
G minor
¢
F4-D5
7c lute (7=D)
F1 XVI. Mistris since you so much desire
G major
¢
D4-D5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
F1v XVII. Your faire lookes enflame
G minor
¢
D4-D5
6c lute
F2 XVIII. The man of life vpright
G minor
¢
G4-D5
6c lute
F2v XIX. Harke all you Ladies
G major
¢
G4-G5
7c lute (7=D)
G1 XX. When thou must home
G minor
3/[2]
D4-D5
6c lute; lyrics may imply a female performer
G1v XXI. Come let vs sound with melodie
G major
¢
F#4-D5
6c lute
  [songs by Philip Rosseter:]        
G2v I. Sweet come againe
G major
¢
G4-G5
6c lute
H1 II. And would you see
G minor
¢
G4-F5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
H1v III. No grave for woe
G minor
¢
D4-D5
7c lute (7=D)
H2 IV. If I urge my kinde desires
G major
¢
F#4-E5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics imply male a performer
H2v V. What hearts content
G major
¢
F#4-E5
7c lute (7=D)
I1 VI. Let him that will be free
G major
¢
F#4-E5
6c lute
I1v VII. Reprove not love
G minor
¢
D4-D5
7c lute (7=D)
I2 VIII. And would you faine
G minor
¢
G4-F5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
I2v IX. When Laura smiles
G major
3/[4]
D4-E5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
K1 X. Long have mine eies
G minor
¢
F#4-F5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
K1v XI. Though far from joy
G minor
¢
F#4-F5
7c lute (7=D)
K2 XII. Shall I come if I swim
D minor
C
D4-D5
7c lute (7=D)
K2v XIII. Aie me that love
G minor
C
F#4-F5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
L1 XIV. Shall then a trayterous
G minor
¢
F#4-D5
6c lute
L1v XV. If I hope I pine
G major
3/[2]
F#4-D5
6c lute
L2 XVI. Unlesse there were consent
G minor
¢
F#4-Eb5
7c lute (7=D); lyrics imply male a performer
L2v XVII. If she forsakes me
G major
¢
D4-E5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
M1 XVIII. What is a daie
G minor
¢
F4-F5
7c lute (7=D)
M1v XIX. Kind in unkindnesse
G minor
C
F4-D5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
M2 XX. What then is love
G minor
¢
G4-F5
6c lute; lyrics imply male a performer
M2v XXI. Whether men doe laugh
G major
¢
D4-E5
6c lute

Notes:

1. Notes listed with the American Standard Pitch system (middle A is C4) for the Cantus part only. Note that concert pitch would have been at least a half step lower, possibly more, in this period. Pitches here are given as they are written in the original. Return to text

Index of Genres:

Genres:
total
major
minor
meter
Songs (all in English)
42
17
25
29 in ¢, 6 in 3/[2], 4 in 3/[4], 3 in C

 

Index of Keys Used:

Keys used in the book; note that the pitch is relative and that since the lutenist was using tablature, there was no need to think in terms of traditional key signatures.

A major 0 A minor 0
B flat major 0 B flat minor 0
B major 0 B minor 0
C major 0 C minor 1
C sharp major 0 C sharp minor 0
D major 1 D minor 2
E flat major 0 E flat minor 0
E major 0 E minor 0
F major 0 F minor 1
F sharp major 0 F sharp minor 0
G major 16 G minor 21
A flat major 0 A flat minor 0

V. Bibliography

Fischlin, Daniel. "Reviews: Erik S. Ryding. In Harmony Framed: Musical Humanism, Thomas Campion, and the Two Daniels. Kirskville, MO: Sixteenth Century Essays & Studies, 1993." Journal of the Lute Society of America XXV (1992): 39-45.

Fortune, Nigel. "Philip Rosseter and His Songs." Lute Society Journal (UK) VII (1965): 7-14.

Greer, David. "The Lute Songs of Thomas Morley." Lute Society Journal (UK) VIII (1966): 25-37.

Greer, David. "Campion the Musician." Lute Society Journal (UK) IX (1967): 7-16.

Kingsley, Victoria. "The Words Do Matter." Lute Society Journal (UK) XII (1970): 37-42.

Knispel, Claudia. "The International Character of the Lute Music at the Court of Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse." Lute Society Journal (UK) XXXVI (1996): 1-16.

Rooley, Anthony. "'The Art of Singing'." Lute Society Journal (UK) XXV, Part 1 (1985): 31-39.

Ryding, Erik S. "Collaboration Between Campion and Rosseter?" Journal of the Lute Society of America XVIIII (1986): 13-28.

Spencer, Robert. "Performance Style of the English Lute Ayre c. 1600." Lute Society Journal (UK) XXIV, Part 2 (1984): 55-68.

________. "Postscript to 'Performance Style of the English Lute Ayre c.1600." Lute Society Journal (UK) XXV, Part 1 (1985): 40.

Facsimile: 

Campion, Thomas, and Philip Rosseter. A BOOKE OF AYRES, Set foorth to be song to the Lute, Orpherian, and Base Violl . . . (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI, 1999). [Microfilm and digital versions in Early English books, 1475-1640].

Campion, Thomas, and Philip Rosseter. A BOOKE OF AYRES, Set foorth to be song to the Lute, Orpherian, and Base Violl . . . [Performers' Facsimiles 119] (New York: Performers' Facsimiles, 1992).

VI. Exemplars:

D-Kl = Germany: Kassel (Hesse), Gesamthochschul-Bibliothek, Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek

GB-Lbl = Great Britain: London, The British Library

US-CA = United States of America: Cambridge (Massachusetts), Harvard University, Harvard College Library

US-SM (inc.) = United States of America: San Marino (California), Henry E. Huntington Library & Art Gallery

US-Wc (inc.) = United States of America: Washington (District of Columbia), Library of Congress, Music Division